Silk Dental – Dentist Macclesfield
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  • 30 Chester Road
  • Macclesfield
  • SK11 8DG

Gum Recession: Understanding the Causes and the Benefits of Surgical Correction


Your smile is one of your most powerful assets, but sometimes, an issue like gum recession can overshadow its radiance.

Gum recession, the gradual exposure of tooth roots due to the recession of the gumline, can lead to sensitivity, aesthetic concerns, and potentially more severe dental problems. In this blog, we will explore the causes of gingival recession and the advantages of surgical correction.

The Causes of Gum (Gingival) Recession

Gum recession can be caused by various factors, and understanding these causes is essential for effective prevention and treatment:

  1. Aggressive Tooth Brushing: Brushing your teeth too hard or with a stiff-bristle toothbrush can wear away the gum tissue over time.
  2. Poor Oral Hygiene: Neglecting proper oral care leads to the buildup of plaque and calculus, which can irritate and inflame the gums, contributing to recession.
  3. Gum Disease: Periodontal diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis can cause gum tissue to recede as they progress.
  4. Genetics: Some individuals may be more predisposed to gingival recession due to their genetic makeup.
  5. Misaligned Teeth: Teeth that are not properly aligned can cause uneven forces on the gums, leading to recession in certain areas.
  6. Tobacco Use: Smoking or chewing tobacco products can hinder blood flow to the gums and contribute to gum tissue damage.
  7. Piercings: Oral piercings, especially in the lip or tongue, can rub against the gums, leading to recession over time.

The Benefits of Surgical Correction

Gum recession can be disheartening, but the good news is that surgical correction, often in the form of gum grafting, can help restore your smile and improve oral health in several ways:

  1. Improved Aesthetics: Gum grafting can restore the natural, healthy appearance of your gumline, enhancing the overall aesthetics of your smile.
  2. Reduced Sensitivity: Exposed tooth roots are sensitive to temperature and touch. Correcting gingival recession can significantly reduce discomfort and sensitivity.
  3. Prevent Tooth Decay: Gum recession can expose vulnerable areas of your teeth to decay. Grafting can help protect your teeth from cavities and other dental issues.
  4. Enhanced Gum Health: Surgical correction can halt the progression of gum disease and even prevent it in the first place by creating a healthier gum environment.
  5. Protect Tooth Structure: Grafting can preserve the supportive tissues around your teeth, ensuring they remain stable and secure.
  6. Improved Oral Function: Restoring your gumline can help you chew and speak comfortably, without the constraints of sensitive teeth or an uneven gumline.
  7. Boosted Self-Confidence: A healthier, more attractive smile can positively impact your self-esteem, making you more comfortable and confident in social and professional situations.


Gum recession is a common dental concern with a range of causes, from genetics to lifestyle choices. Understanding these causes and the benefits of surgical correction is crucial for maintaining your oral health and smile’s radiance. If you’re experiencing gingival recession, consider consulting with a dental professional to explore your options for surgical correction. Your smile’s health and beauty are worth the investment in your well-being.

If you have any concerns about your gum health or wish to schedule an appointment with our dental hygienist, please do not hesitate to contact us. We are here to support you in achieving and maintaining optimal oral health.

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We look forward to meeting you and creating a customised care plan for you and your family, so you can enjoy the beautiful smile and excellent oral health you deserve.

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